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Creative Ideas on Defending Tulsa Criminal Felony & Misdemeanor Cases

Creative Ideas on Defending Tulsa Criminal Felony & Misdemeanor Cases
by Glen R. Graham, Tulsa Criminal Defense Attorney, (918) 260-8184

Web site:

There are good ideas and then there are bad ideas and then ideas in between the two extremes and then some ideas that are not relevant and a mixture of stuff in between.

Each case is different and there may be defenses that might not work in one jurisdiction even though it is a good defense in another jurisdiction. Sometimes people google or internet research their legal matter and find a case in another state or another community which provides a defense under one version of a state law or municipal ordinance but which does not apply in another jurisdiction.

Not all people are the same or think the same way. Not all prosecutors or judges agree with certain interpretations of the law. Many Supreme Court decisions are split decisions like 5 agree and 4 dissent or 4 agree, 1 concurs in part, and 3 dissent and similar split decisions. The law of the land also varies among the different states and municipalities which each have different state and municipal laws. A law in one jurisdiction may not be the law in another jurisdiction.

One Judge may have a policy that everyone has to submit to an immediate drug test on the day of their plea before the Judge will consider probation and another Judge may have a policy that you only submit to drug test every 30 days to 45 days after you enter a plea and another Judge may leave it up to the probation officer to randomly impose a drug test when the probation officer believes it is necessary. Not all Judges and Prosecutors have the same policies and there is a diversity and the Judge has discretion in developing policies.

It is helpful for the attorney to become familiar with the policy of the assigned judge before appearing in court. Sometimes is in helpful to look up the past decisions of the court on the internet both by google and by doing an internet search on the website of the local newspaper such as and check out past articles involving similar cases and similar decisions by the assigned judge. Also, it is helpful to check past similar cases online at the official court website such as

It is sometimes but not always but sometimes helpful for you to consider hiring a private detective or private investigator. Not all cases are the same and you do not need one in every case. In order to protect the "confidentiality" of the private investigation it is best to have the private investigator hired through the attorney's office because if subpoenaed then the attorney can argue that the information is confidential attorney work product information.

Several Tulsa Private Investigators and Detectives are listed in the phone book but here is an additional listing:

To verify a private investigator's license in Oklahoma, contact:

Council on Law Enforcement Education & Training
Private Security Division
P. O. Box 11476-Cimarron Station
Oklahoma City, OK 73136-0476

To Verify Private Investigator License: (405) 425-2775
Official web site: Oklahoma State Private Investigator Association:

Roy Clugston Polygraph and Investigative Services
6440 South Lewis Avenue Bridgeport II Office Building
Suite 2300 Tulsa, Oklahoma 74136 Web site:
918-622-7008 E-mail:

Virgil Wallace - Wallace & Associates 6610 E. Admiral Pl. – Tulsa, Oklahoma 74112
P.O. Box 6422 – Tulsa, Oklahoma 74148 Phone: (918) 835-1456

Gary Glanz & Associates - 3807 S Peoria Ave # Gh320, Tulsa, OK‎ (918) 742-0075‎

Eric Cullen Private Investigator - Phone: (918) 392-1610

Bird Dog Investigations - Mr. Dobson - (918) 583-6600

David Smith Investigations: 4528 S Sheridan Rd, Tulsa, OK‎ - (918) 743-5603‎

Baker & Baker Ltd: 401 S Boston Ave, Tulsa, OK‎ - (918) 744-0054‎

ABC Investigations (Michael Smith) Tulsa, OK‎ - (918) 810-4808‎

Scott Malan - Malan Investigations - 918-636-2359 Web site:

Ken Henson 4943 S. Peoria Ave., PMB #421 Tulsa, Oklahoma, 74105 Office: (918) 749-7275

Shadow Investigations - 1710 S Boston Ave, Tulsa, OK‎ - (918) 583-8282‎

Kennedy Investigations: 6440 S Lewis Ave, Tulsa, OK‎ - (918) 742-3555‎

Sting Investigations 7941 E 57th St, Tulsa, OK‎ - (918) 361-6790‎

‎‎Ketchum Investigations‎ 8004 S Wheeling Ave, Tulsa, OK‎ - (918) 535-3334‎

Bill L Howard & Co PO Box 4120, Tulsa, OK (918) 583-8002‎
Web site:

Linda Jones 1611 S. Utica PMB #117 Tulsa, OK 918-583-4779 Email

The Naked Truth Detective Agency‎ PO Box 14077, Tulsa, OK‎ - (918) 724-9088‎ Web site:
Don Bradford Spec Investigations‎ 8988 S Sheridan Rd # L Pmb 106, Tulsa, OK‎ (918) 494-7997

Baker & Baker Ltd 401 S Boston Ave, Tulsa, OK‎ - (918) 744-0054‎

Labass Investigative Services‎ 3601 S Harvard Ave, Tulsa, OK‎ - (918) 955-1381‎

Fraud & Forensic Invstgtns‎ 401 S Boston Ave, Tulsa, OK‎ - (918) 728-3340‎

David Smith Investigations‎ 4528 S Sheridan Rd, Tulsa, OK‎ - (918) 743-5603‎

Sykes Investigations‎ 2915 S Harvard Ave, Tulsa, OK‎ - (918) 749-8600‎

Cold Case Investigations LLC‎ 10906 E 2nd St, Tulsa, OK‎ - (918) 438-9900

Herndon & Associates‎ 412 N Boston Ave, Tulsa, OK‎ - (918) 664-9902‎

Heath Security & Investigative‎ 320 S Boston Ave, Tulsa, OK‎ - (918) 610-0077‎

Zero Investigations Inc‎ 2816 E 51st St, Tulsa, OK‎ - (918) 492-7741‎

Cook Detective Agency‎ 4528 S Sheridan Rd, Tulsa, OK‎ - (918) 663-4545‎

Shadow Investigations International‎
1710 S Boston Ave, Tulsa, OK‎ - (918) 583-8282‎

Jarvis International
11720 E. 21st Street
Tulsa, Ok 74129-1824 Phone (918) 437-1100

Cook Detective Agency‎
4528 S Sheridan Rd, Tulsa, OK‎ - (918) 663-4545‎

Agi Group‎ Tulsa, OK‎ - (918) 398-0121‎

Marvin Reynolds Private Investigative Agency‎
Tulsa, OK‎ - (918) 282-3900‎

Srt Investigations‎ PO Box 35403, Tulsa, OK‎ - (918) 481-6045‎

Tulsa DUI DWI APC Attorney Plea Bargains in Place of Jury Trials

Tulsa DUI DWI APC Attorney Plea Bargains in Place of Jury Trials

By Glen R. Graham - Attorney at Law - Tulsa DUI Attorney (918) 260-8184

It is a fact that about 90-98% or more of all Tulsa DUI -DWI-APC cases are plea bargained or pled out to avoid jail or reduce the amount of exposure or reduce to a lesser offense or to try to avoid a record or "label." Most cases are 1st or 2nd time offenders who are seeking to avoid a jail sentence which most of the time can be obtained as part of a "plea bargain." Also, normally a first time offender without any aggravating factors would usually be able to hire a lawyer to obtain a plea bargain to reduce the charges to a lesser offense upon completion of the court requirements.

Without a plea bargain and without a good lawyer or attorney - first offense - DUI or APC carries a minimum of 10 days in jail and up to a 1 year sentence in jail plus fines and costs. To AVOID ANY JAIL TIME and/or to get the case reduced to a lesser charge, most people hire a lawyer to get a "plea bargain." The court will require that you obtain a substance abuse assessment by a licensed certified assessor and to complete the recommendations in the assessment. If you do not have a problem with alcohol or substance abuse, then the assessment should also reflect that point.
The assessment only takes about 40-60 minutes or less and costs $160 dollars and involves answering a series of questions concerning alcohol use and drug use. Based upon how the questions are answered then the person is ordered to obtain treatment. If you use - drink daily, it may require in-patient treatment. If you have a high alcohol breath test result, or heavy usage it may require completion of the 24 hour DUI school instead of the 10 hour DUI school. You will have four (4) months to complete the court requirements. The court will require community service in place of any jail time.

Most of the time, the assessment is going to require completion of a DUI school which costs about $150 for the 10 hour course or $325 for the 24 hour course. The assessment will determine which course is required. Usually, the court is going to require completion of the victim impact panel (mothers against drunk driving -MADD) which lasts one (1) hour and costs about $50 dollars.

Aggravating factors include: Was there an accident? Injuries? Children in the car? Prior offenses of any kind - prior felony convictions of any type? Breath test result - high or low? Attitude - combative or compliant? Treatment? Job? Health factors? Medical & Mental Factors? A multitude of other factors that should be discussed in private between the attorney and the client.


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Tulsa Criminal Defense Attorney - Tulsa Therapuetic Courts

Tulsa's Therapuetic Courts - Alternatives: Tulsa Drug Court, Tulsa DUI Court, Tulsa Mental Health Court, Tulsa Veterans Court, Tulsa Accelerated Accountability Procedure - Community Sentencing
by Glen R. Graham, Attorney at Law Telephone: (918) 583-4621 or (918) 260-8184 1612 S. Cincinnati Ave., Tulsa, Oklahoma

Tulsa has formed several therapuetic court's as alternatives to the traditional court system to provide an alternative means of handling various criminal cases. Any person who may qualify for one of the alternative courts should discuss this issue with a lawyer of their choice to determine if it is in their best interest to apply for that alternative court. Applications to apply for some of the Tulsa therapuetic courts, Tulsa Drug Court, Tulsa DUI Court, Tulsa Mental Health Court are available on my web site at However, you should discuss this option with your lawyer prior to applying for any of these alternative courts. Information which you are required to disclose might be incriminating or harmful unless you qualify and you will want to discuss all of your options with a lawyer prior to making any final decisions.
I have written several helpful blogs about this information and if you do a search on google or yahoo, you can find more in depth information, or you can call me at (918) 583-4621 to schedule an appointment to discuss this matter further.
Glen R. Graham
Attorney at Law

Can People Retain Their Humanity in a Sterile Court Room Setting?

Can People Retain Their Humanity in a Sterile Court Room Setting?
By Glen R. Graham, Tulsa Criminal Defense Attorney,

In, ROY v. STATE, 1979 OK CR 115, 602 P.2d 226 , the Oklahoma Court of Criminal Appeals in reversing a first degree burglary conviction from Tulsa, Oklahoma, held that the breaking and entering in this case was "not the sort contemplated by the Legislature in this statute, but was concomitant with the physical attack on the complaining witness." A man had a confrontation with a neighbor yelling through a window at his neighbor and the defendant hit him through the open window and ended up inside the home having a physical altercation. The guy either hit him through the window screen or the screen either fell down or was moved during the altercation but the court found that this was "not the sort" of breaking and entering contemplated by the legislature.

I would theorize that in 1979 under the specific facts of the Roy case, the court viewed the altercation as an invited or "mutual combat" type situation in which the "complainig" party was not a truly "innocent" party but was partly at fault for inviting a physical confrontation with his neighbor. In the sterile setting of a court room, three times removed from everyday life, a person might theorize that the neighbor should have been a "better man" and ignored the taunts and insults and disparaging comments of his neighbor. In theory, "sticks and stones may break my bones but words will never hurt me." In real life, in the grimey world of the everyday working man or woman, people do not just ignore the taunts and insults and disparaging comments of other people. People react. Anyone is capable of reacting. Even a judge, prosecutor, internet blog reader, police officer or just the everyday ordinary individual. However, how the person choses to react can mean all the difference in the world from being charged with a serious crime or not.

Pull out a gun and shoot the person and you will be charged with murder. Stab the person and you will be charged with a felony. Hit the person with a fist and you will be charged with assault and battery. If you are a judge, I guess if it occurs in open court, the person will be arresed for contempt of court. If you are a police officer, and you carry a gun and a badge, and in theory you are trained to to react correctly to mere insults without losing your temper and beating the crap out of the guy or gal. If you are a lawyer, I guess you sue, (in theory). Counselor's talk about "self-control" and "anger management" and theorize that this person is re-living some past issues in their lives.

Some courts are less willing to look at the practical aspects, some one invites mutual combat and gets hit through a window and ends up inside the home. Is it first degree burglary or assault and battery? Moving the screen or the screen being pushed out of the way, does that make it a first degree burglary? Was there evidence about the screen --- did it fall down --- was it even on at the time --- ?

There is no specific jury instruction on "mutual combat" and the law does not formally recognize "mutual combat." Informally, it is an accepted fact of everyday life that people on occasion are going to engage in "mutual combat" and some people call it "professional wrestling" or "boxing" or "football" or "soccer" or other types of competitve and combative sports.

Has our society changed our people such that only "effiminate" non-competitive, soft, flakey, easy going, intellectuals are in charge and the rough and tumble, hearty, competitive, hard, macho man is no longer acceptable?

Have we become a society of "wimps," "losers," "cry-babies," "momma's boys," "effiminate-soft-scardy-cats" ?

Can juries retain their common sense and see through the over-charging and over-prosecution of people living in the real world and not in a sterile court room setting? Can judges retain their common sense and humanity in a court room and their "gate-keeper" function or do they merely cave into political pressure?

Can prosecutors look beyond the face of the charges and see the underlying common sense questions --- guy insults neighbor --- neighbor hits him --- what would be the right conviction --- felony burglary or misdemeanor assault and battery? It is common knowledge that prosecutors sometimes file the most severe charges because the cases are often plea bargained down to a lesser offense. What about the defense lawyer, does he or she have common sense? Shouldn't a defense lawyer see that this is really primarily a misdemeanor assault and battery and not a true first degree burglary? Shouldn't a police officer be trained to handle mere spoken insults without over-reacting and beating the crap out of the guy or gal and then calling it "resisting arrest" or "obstructing an officer"? Doesn't a certain amount of name calling come with any job --- lawyer or police officer? Are we wimps with thin skins who over react to stupid jokes and "put-downs" and "come-ons"?

Why did God give us a brain if we don't use it? What makes a human different that the savage beast of the field --- isn't it in part the conscience and the "moral" understanding and ability to have a sense of self-lessness and a willingness to give to fellow human beings and a higher sense of understanding than just being a beast of the field? If man is made in the image of God, shouldn't man have "moral" values and a higher understanding and conscience rather than just living on instincts and in a survival mode?

Can jurors and judges and lawyers and police officers retain their Humanity?